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Your foot contains 26 bones, 33 joints and more than 100 tendons, muscles, and ligaments


The bones in the foot do not completely ossify (harden) until around the age of eighteen


The soles of your feet contain more sweat glands and sensory nerve endings per square centimetre than any other part of the body


The average person will walk around 115,000 miles in a life time, that’s more than four times around the earth! The average person takes 8,000 to 10,000 steps a day, which adds up to about 115,000 miles over a lifetime


Shoe size in Britain is measured in barleycorns, a unit of measurement that stretches back to Anglo-Saxon times. Based on the length of a grain of barley, there are three barleycorns to an inch, so each shoe size adds a third of an inch in length to a shoe


Did You Know

Recognising and Treating Common Foot Problems

Common Foot Problems


A pinpoint thickening of the outer layer of skin caused by friction that is usually found on the tops of  toes or directly beneath a bone. Corns are often caused by poorly fitted shoes leading to excessive pressure on an area of the foot.



A diffuse thickening of the outer layer of skin usually found on the bottom of the foot, caused by sheering pressures.

Callus forms due to excessive pressure on certain areas of the foot. Poor fitting shoes, reduced fatty tissue, and bony prominences can all be a contributory factor.


Athletes Foot

Athletes foot is a rash caused by a fungal infection. The skin may be red, itchy and become red and cracked. Athletes foot most commonly affects skin between the toes or on the bottom of the foot. The medical name for athletes foot is tinius pedis.


Cracked Heel

Cracked heels are commonly caused by dry skin and can be made more complicated if the skin around the heel is thick (callus). Cracks in the skin can become deep and cause pain when walking. Moisturising your feet daily will help with this condition.


Fungal Nail Infections

Fungal nail infections can cause the toenail to become thick or deformed and yellow/black in colour. The infection usually starts and the tip of the nail and over time works its way back. Toenail fungus can be picked up in damp areas such as swimming pools and shower rooms. Other contributory factors include trauma to the toenail, tight fitting shoes or individuals who have a weakened immune system.



A bump on the side of your big toe may be a bunion. This condition, in which your big toe bends toward your other toes, can make it painful to walk. It may cause inflammation and irritation on your big toe and second toe.

Bunions may be the result of the foot structure you inherited, and tight- or ill-fitting shoes or standing too long may aggravate them.

Ingrown toenail

Toenails that grow into the surrounding skin are known as ingrown toenails. These can occur if you have nails that curve, poorly trimmed nails, compressed toes, or an injury to your toes. Genetics may also play a role.

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